Pierre Lauwers Posted December 1, 2007 Share Posted December 1, 2007 One of our promising young organists, Serge Schoonbroodt, just recorded the Messe of Nicolas de Grigny on one of our best baroque organs in Belgium. This gives me the occasion to write here a little about a big name among our belgian dynasties of organ-buiders: the LE PICARD family of Liège. Philippe II Le Picard was born in a family of organ-builders in Noyon, France. Between 1698 and 1701, he went to Liège, where there was no organ-builders at that time (this was quite the reverse by the Renaissance and early baroque period, when Liège knew famous builders). At this point, we have a situation akin to Father Schmidt -euh, Smith...- in England: Le Picard had learnt to build french organs after the late 17th century style......And found himself isolated from the evolution which will happen in France in the 18th Century. Dom Bédos, Isnard, Clicquot, etc, develloped the Balbastre and d'Aquin's organ; during that time, Le Picard's sons and pupils (like Robustelly/ Robostel, among others) will continue to build late-17th century french organs. And guess who composed his Mass and Hymns just at that period ? Grigny, of course... Philippe II Le Picard built his first noteworthy organ in Liège in 1702. From him we still have one organ, in Gronsveld, between Maastricht and Liège. Philippe II Le Picard died 1729, and two of his sons continued the work. One of them, Jean-Baptiste, built 1750-3 the organ of Tongeren Cathedral. This organ has been restored to its original state by our organ-builder Dominique Thomas. Here is a page with extracts from Mr Schoonbroodt's CD, to be released 2008, on the Le Picard organ: http://rivagesandins.lalibreblogs.be/ Particularly noteworthy is the fact, and this you can hear in the "Plein-jeu", that this organ is more polyphonic than late 18th century french ones, which are already heavier, fatter. Here follows the specification of the organ: GRAND ORGUE (50 notes) Bourdon 16' Montre 8' Bourdon 8' Prestant 4' Flûte 4' Grosse Tierce 3 1/5' Nazard 2 2/3' Doublette 2' Quarte de Nazard 2' Tierce 1 3/5' Sesquialter 2r (after Principal scales, this tipical belgian stop was not continued in France after at least 1700...) Cornet 6r Fourniture 5r Cymbale 4r Trompette 8' Voix humaine 8' Clairon 4' POSITIF (first manual) (50 notes) Bourdon 8' Prestant 4' Flûte 4' Nazard 2 2/3' Doublette 2' Tierce 1 3/5' Larigot 1 1/3' Sexquialtera 2r (note the different writing) Cornet 4r Mixture 4r Trompette 8' Cromhorne 8' (the "h" is no typo) RECIT (27 notes) Montre 8' Bourdon 8' Cornet 4r Trompette 8' ECHO (27 notes) Bourdon 8' Prestant 4' Doublette 2' Cornet 2r (as a Sesquialtera also, but flutey) Cymbale 2r Cromhorne 8' PEDAL Basse ouverte 16' (not original) Bourdon 16' (not original) Octave 8' Bourdon 8' Octave 4' Fourniture 4r (not original) Bombarde 16' (not original) Trompette 8' Clairon 4' The tuning is 404 Hz at 18° Celsius, also 3/4 tone below 440, while the temperament is after d'Alembert-Rousseau. Pierre Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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